Blog post 5

  1. What do you take the differences between “hearing” and “listening” to be? Do we make choices about what we listen to? If so, how do we make these choices? What criteria do we use? Do structural features, such as race, gender, or social class, inform how we listen? How so? Are there other structural elements that affect our listening experiences? Hearing is just something you just listen to, listening is something that you pay close attention too. Yes, we make the choice on what we listen to because listening gives one’s attention to a sound, listening is a learned skill. We make these choices by managing what he can hear and what we don’t want to hear. When we pay attention to certain things and only focus on it you forget about what’s around it. It’s very personal choice to choose what we listen to and what we don’t. In some house holds the wife usually listens to what the husband says because he’s the head on the house. Listening is something that you can’t really avoid. I feel like something that really effects our listening structural elements that affect our listening experience is our surrounding because you can easily get distracted by any noise.
  2. How do Schafer and Krakowski discuss the relationship between sound and space? Schafer and Krakowski discuss the relationship between sound and space by talking about us and how we always have sound around us. Schafer believe sound comes from the environment and what surrounds us. There’re times where we understand certain thing by listening or sometimes by just hearing.

Blog Post #5

  1. There are some differences between hearing and listening. We can hear anything, but we only listen to the things that we are interested in. From my perspective, I believe that we make our choice of what we listen to. We make these choices by our interests. We can listen to anything or any sound without our intention, but we only hear the things which we feel interested, important and necessary for us. Structural features, such as race, gender, or social class can make an impact on what we listen to. We want to listen to the specific thing which is interesting and necessary for us.


  1. Schafer and Krukowski discuss the relationship between sound and space. They discuss how sound is all around us. Schafer believes sound comes from culture and environment. On the other hand, Krukowski expresses how he feels about sound today and how technology has changed.

Blog Post 5 Ways of Hearing Episode #2

  1. What do you take the differences between “hearing” and “listening” to be? Do we make choices about what we listen to? If so, how do we make these choices? What criteria do we use? Do structural features, such as race, gender, or social class, inform how we listen? How so? Are there other structural elements that affect our listening experiences?

There is a subtle difference between hearing and listening, even though some people use them as synonyms. One requires effort, while the other happens without our awareness. Listening and hearing go hand in hand when learning and communicating. Hearing is the perception of sound and does not require concentration whilst listening is the active understanding of the sounds you hear and concentration is required.

It’s impossible to stop hearing. Sound is fundamental to your existence, so you will hear them all day. Listening, however, is temporary because it requires attention and focus that cannot be provided every minute of the day. Therefore, listening becomes a psychological experience.

We cannot pick what we hear but we can choose what we listen to and yes structural features such as race or gender define who or what we listen to. This happens because in certain cultures such as Muslim the husband is the head of the household and the wife listens to her husband only because that is what is done in their culture but if another man has a say she won’t listen because her culture says otherwise. Also when it comes to politics or race if its election time and the democratic party is talking about a important topic the people of the republican party would probably hear the democrats’ speaking but would not listen to them because its not their party speaking and remember hearing isn’t a choice but listening is.

2.  How do Schafer and Krukowski discuss the relationship between sound and space?

Soundscapes are defined by Schafer as an acoustic field of study. He continues to state that “just as we can study features of any landscape, we can isolate the acoustic environment as a field of study as sound is not just defined as music, but as sound in a broad context. Our environment and our own voices create our soundscape e.g. the buses, trains, cabs, babies crying, people listening to music, buildings under construction. All of theses are examples of how we create our own soundscape. While Krukowski  expresses how he feels about sound today and how technology has changed how we hear and listen to each other, for instance when we are in the presence of others we would cancel out each other using our headphones so communication isn’t as thorough as it use to be, meaning that we no longer experience time together. He also states that you can hear the difference in sounds in an empty room vs a room full of people or if you place your mouth towards the mic your voice will sound like if your closer to audience whilst if you move your mouth away from the mic you can tell the difference. Sound is everywhere and we can choose to hear it or listen to it but also depends on why or how your doing so.


Blog Post # 5

1. While hearing and listening seem to have the same goal when using both ears, there are significant differences between them. On the one hand, hearing is one of the five senses, while hearing is the choice to hear and analyze what you hear. Listening plays an important role in understanding and decision making. A good listener will not only listen carefully to what has been said, but also to what has not been said. So, effective listening involves the mind and the eyes, which means paying attention to what the other person is saying and putting our thoughts in a position that makes us understand and make more informed choices. Sometimes despite physical distractions such as outside noises, cell phone ringing, conversations with others, car horns, personal concerns such as pain or even lack of interest and boredom, can affect our listening experience.

2. Schafer and Krukowski discuss the relationship between sound and space by telling us about how sound is all around us. Sometimes we get the meaning by listening and sometimes you just hear it.




Hearing and Listening

Hearing is the act of perceiving sounds through an organ such as the ears. Hearing is one of the five senses that humans have. But being able to perceive sound doesnt necessarily mean you are actively hearing this sounds. What i mean by that is that you could hear the sounds but not receive the messages that the sound is sending to you. On the other hand we have listening. Listening is the ability to receive and interpret the messages. When it comes to hearing we dont make choices on what we hear, unless we close our ears and stop every sound from being perceived. But listening is different, we are able to choose what we want to listen to and what information we want to receive and interpret. I think it depends on the situation or what is your goal on doing active listening. if your goal is to gather information or receive a message, for sure you will do active listening. I think that structural features like race, gender or social class may interfere on how the message is perceived. That meaning that how you interpret what you listen it is connected also with who you are, that means your gender or race. For example, an American woman from NY would interpret differently someone talking on a podcast about mental health, while another woman being probably from a country where mental health is not discussed as much as in America, would think that the podcast is nonsense and what she is listening would not probably be received and interpreted as in the American woman case. I think that another structural element that would affect listening is your life experience. This meaning that based on what people been through  makes them receive the messages of what they’re listening in different ways. For the same thing that two people are listening, they might have different point of views and they might receive the messages that they find most important as based on their life experiences.

On the second episode of ‘Ways of Hearing’ it is described the relationship of people with listening and space around them. One of Krukowski participants on this episode says how ‘people nowadays are part of this bubble they create when they have their headphones’. They are not part of the social space, they block everyone and everything becoming asocial and create their own space on their own thoughts. While Schafer mentions how ‘the keynote sounds of a given place are important because they help to outline the character of men living among them.’ He goes further saying ‘ The keynote sounds of a landscape are those created by its geography and climate: water, wind, forests, plains, birds, insects and animals. Many of these sounds may possess archetypal significance; that is, they may have imprinted themselves so deeply on the people hearing them that life without them would be sensed as a distinct impoverishment.’ It is very interesting thinking of how important is hearing as related to space. What Schafer meant was that we connect sound to space and we get used with them to the point that not having them connected anymore would make our life not as lively as before.


Blog Post #5 – Hearing / Listening / Soundscape


  1. Hearing is passive, involuntary, and requires no effort. It is a physiological perception of sound that does not require centered attention. Listening is a voluntary and conscious process that allows us to react to and understand the sounds and conversations we hear. Anything interesting that we hear immediately captures our attention and sparks curiosity. Say we are having a one-on-one conversation with a certain someone significant to us, we effortlessly focus intently on what the person has to say, maintain excellent eye contact, and give them thoughtful and considerate opinions. It’s a personal choice to be selective on what we listen to. Many factors come into consideration – family values, cultural diversity, social connections and influences, political opinions, etc. Anything that we were raised to believe in and our social environment can influence our listening skills. Our willingness to listen can also increase our perception skills and allows us to gain more wisdom.
  2. “The sense of hearing cannot be closed off at will. There are no earlids. When we go to sleep, our perception of sound is the last door to close, and it is also the first to open when we awaken.” Schafer quotes. This is especially true because our first reaction to any sound is through our sense of hearing before using our sense of seeing. Schafer states that sound comes from the daily hustle and bustle of life. Living in a city such as New York definitely impacts our everyday perception -sounds of cars and trains, heavy machinery, street music, loud chattering, birds chirping, etc.  The world has become so loud that we have to filter the noises and be able to distinguish if it’s something pleasant to listen to or if it’s just mere noise pollution. Both Schafer and Krukowski have written about sounds and how it plays a huge role in our daily lives. Human interactions are becoming increasingly inaccessible due to technology according to Krukowski. The human population has succumbed to relying on increasing technological developments. Is this a blessing or a curse? or both? We cannot deny that these two writers have valid points on how sound is essential for sharing information, interacting with others and countless other aspects of life.

Blog post 5

1. I believe that when you are hearing its involuntary and not with much interest. It comes naturally because we cannot filter out sound when we are just hearing. Hearing is listening to things you care to hear for and things you don’t, for example background noise. This differs because when you are listening you are voluntarily putting thought behind your hearing. You listen because you care what sound is being made whether that be talking, a song you like, or background sounds. What you listen to is important to you in one way or another. Listening is selective and thoughtful while hearing is done without thought or want most times. We make choices about what we listen to, like when we listen to a song or in class we decide what to listen to and what parts to zone out during. Also like Krukowski said in Ways of Hearing Episode 2, the artist is composing but still has his window open and is listening to all the outside noises. You choose what you listen to by choosing what you are interested in or have thoughts about. Structural features do inform how we listen because we are trained to listen for different things. With different environments, like somebody from a loud city or a big family vs somebody from a rural area. People from New York zone out the noises while a person from a rural area listens for them. Gender is another example because for example, when a girl is walking alone or in the night she has to constantly be aware of her surroundings. A boy or man on the other hand is not as aware nor has to be.

2. Krukowski discusses that the relationship between sound and space is that they are both in rhythm with eachother. He explains that people in New York use to be in tune but now everybody is on their screens or in their own bubble so everybody is more laggy. Nobody is on the same beat and it is less social with less public sound. Schafer discusses that the relationship between sound is space is that sounds differ based on the space. He explains that depending on your location, sounds differ. For example, sounds in a forest are different from those of a school because of factors like geography and climate.

Blog Post #5


    1. The difference between hearing and listening to me is hearing you hear a sound/person talking but don’t comprehend the meaning of it but listening you try to understand what the sound is or the person who is talking is saying. I think we do make choices about what we listen to because we listen to what is relevant/ important. Criteria we use when hearing is using our ears but when listening we are using our brain. I think structural features, such as race, gender, or social class, inform how we listen because people have different opinions and won’t listen to others because they want to stick to their opinion. I think another structural element that affect our listening experience is our setting/surroundings because people can get distracted easily and loose focous when trying to listen.
    2. Schafer and Krukowski discuss the relationship between sound and space by talking to us about how sound is always around us. Sometimes we understand the meaning of it by listening and sometimes you just hear it.

Blog Post 5

!-The difference between hearing and listening is that with hearing you can sit there and hear everything that’s going on around you it requires no effort at all whereas with listening you are actually paying attention to what’s going on around you actively with the intent to understand. I strongly believe that we make the choice of what we listen to, When we listen to things we are choosing to listen to it. We make these choices by considering what is important to listen to and what is not.Structural features could also play part in how we listen to things.We might want to listen to specific things that we feel matter more.

2-Schafer and Krukowski discuss the relationship between sound and space by talking to us about how sound is always around us. Schafer believes sound comes from culture and environment, and by not paying close attention to noise it  can impact our everyday activities and even beliefs. Krukowski explains that social interactions within space are becoming less accessible due to technology. The use of technology is causing us not to use our sensory systems, preventing us from enjoying the things surrounding us.

Blog Post #5

  1. The main difference between hearing and listening is that when you hear stuff you do not really like paying attention and understanding what’s happening. For instance, if you’re just hearing 2 people talk you’re just probably hearing it go through one ear and out the either. When you’re listening you actually listening close to someone’s conversation and you understand and analyze what those 2 people are saying. When you are listening I feel like you are more engaged in what you’re doing, but hearing and listening work together.
  2. Schafer and Krukowski identify a relationship between space and sound. They identify that music and the sound of it is an instrumental part of a lot of things. They believe that music and sound are sometimes produced by emotion and sometimes by noise. Schafer believes that sound is not just a product of the culture and environment around you but a reflection of everything that goes on around you and how you hear all the noise around you. They also found out that analyzing soundscape was a much harder task than anything.