Krukowski writes at the beginning of the episode, “The marginal-the rejected-the repressed-is whatever the powerful decide is not useful at the minute”. It appears that he is trying to imply that those in authority are the ones deciding what is useful at the minute. First it was CDs and the record players and now it’s online streaming flatforms and social media. The music industry and musicians have benefited greatly from incorporating technology with music, as technology is constantly evolving.

Music indicates the differences between the powerful and the marginalized as the powerful have the resources to decide how and where music should be released. Nowadays everything is based on trends and to keep up with this they must stay up to date or they could go out of trend. I believe the difference between the marginalized and the powerful is mainly about resources. People who want to continue to sell CDs and records can now only sell to a small niche because most of the people are now adapting to newer technology and they do not have CD players or record players, which makes them the marginalized. They cannot control how music is shared.

Krukowski talks about how Spotify suggested songs that matched the type/album he likes, which he had never heard before. This was a surprise to him as to how a suggested album had all the songs to his liking. He says ” It’s not surprising, surprise is not the same as discover for a huge digital corporation eager to engage every one of us and as much of our time as possible with their product”.


I will use my second paper “money and music” to develop the third paper, and my research question is “How do you think the digitalization of music has affected the music industry? Is it better or worse than in the past and how does capitalism impact the music industry??” I came up with this question as Krukowski mentions how free sharing of the music restricted artists to make a living which contradicts recent events, where artists earn massive profits by sharing their music on streaming platforms.


1. Hearing, to my understanding, is unreceptive while listening, on the other hand, is voluntary. As a matter of fact, we do make choices about what we listen to, which is also known as active listening. It is also an attribute of a good communicator/listener.

2. Schafer primarily refers to sound as noise pollution, and he believes that the keynote of sounds is influenced by nature/climate such as water, wind, birds, and forest. Furthermore, he stresses that noise pollution is caused by people not paying attention, and it is the sound we choose to ignore. Krukowski points out that we orient ourselves by listening to the sounds around us. According to him, earbuds allow people to privatize their personal space in public. Krukowski also discusses the evolution of concert halls throughout history, and how they accommodated halls to absorb unwanted sound for a better listening experience.

blog post#4 Sheridan Baker thesis machine

Step1-Black lives matter
Step2 – Black Lives Matter just as much as those of others.
Step 3- Discrimination against black people should not be tolerated because Black Lives Matter just as much as those of others.
Step4- Although there is a human rights act, people still criticize others based on their race.
Step5- Is it more important than black lives matter, or does each life matter equally?

blog post#3

1-According to john Berger, publicity persuades us to spend more which gives us a feeling of wealth but at the same time, it makes us poorer as we keep spending. In old days, the oil paintings were based on nymphs and goddesses but now they are replaced by models. In addition to mentioning that oil painting and publicity are the same, John mentions that sometimes publicity imitates oil paintings as people pose, dress up as if they have been painted.

2-He compares color photography to oil painting since both were used to demonstrate physical texture and tangibility on a canvas, similar to photography.

3-Oil paintings are a representation of what one already has, while publicity is what people aspire to. Viewing advertisements about the publicity and glamorous life of celebrities often encourages people to imitate them and purchase items to feel more glamorous. Advertisements have become extremely clever and persuasive over the years, and are able to connect with people’s emotions. Publicity sets unrealistic and unattainable standards for people, which is not healthy since people can be easily influenced.

Blog post# 2- Ways of Seeing

Today, women are still objectified in much the same way that Berger described them. They are often viewed as objects of pleasure & satisfaction. Women on social media promote unremarkable body standards, like the woman in the video mentions, that the nude paintings describe an unrecognizable and exaggerated body for the pleasure of men and are not retable to most women in general. Women are portrayed in these paintings as submissive to men and for them to display their dominance.
Compared to the women in European paintings, women in social media have more control over their images since they are able to choose what they want to share. Despite this, women tend to be influenced by the male gaze as there is an expectation that a woman should act in a certain way to appear attractive to men.
Berner asserted that being naked means seeing oneself naked in their own skin, while nude means displaying a naked body, which does not always show the woman’s unique attributes, but rather is meant for the pleasure of men. The woman mentions a book, in which a girl was told not to touch her own breasts, to close her mouth completely, or to put her legs together as a sign of availability.