When I was writing my final paper, I came up with my thesis and then used some key words to look for articles that would help. I only used articles because they were fast to read through and easy to extract information from. I used quotes that I thought would best fit my argument. Some of the articles stated counterarguments so I used those to help in other body paragraphs. I also used quotes I used in my first paper.
My research question for this paper is going to be based on my second paper, about space and sound. It will be what effects do different spaces and their noises have on us and our feelings? I became curious about this after thinking about how a person can put on headphones while on the train to make themselves feel better. Also, how hearing things like birds chirping can make a person want to go outside or be more productive. It interests me how sounds affect us on a every day basis.
1. I believe that when you are hearing its involuntary and not with much interest. It comes naturally because we cannot filter out sound when we are just hearing. Hearing is listening to things you care to hear for and things you don’t, for example background noise. This differs because when you are listening you are voluntarily putting thought behind your hearing. You listen because you care what sound is being made whether that be talking, a song you like, or background sounds. What you listen to is important to you in one way or another. Listening is selective and thoughtful while hearing is done without thought or want most times. We make choices about what we listen to, like when we listen to a song or in class we decide what to listen to and what parts to zone out during. Also like Krukowski said in Ways of Hearing Episode 2, the artist is composing but still has his window open and is listening to all the outside noises. You choose what you listen to by choosing what you are interested in or have thoughts about. Structural features do inform how we listen because we are trained to listen for different things. With different environments, like somebody from a loud city or a big family vs somebody from a rural area. People from New York zone out the noises while a person from a rural area listens for them. Gender is another example because for example, when a girl is walking alone or in the night she has to constantly be aware of her surroundings. A boy or man on the other hand is not as aware nor has to be.
2. Krukowski discusses that the relationship between sound and space is that they are both in rhythm with eachother. He explains that people in New York use to be in tune but now everybody is on their screens or in their own bubble so everybody is more laggy. Nobody is on the same beat and it is less social with less public sound. Schafer discusses that the relationship between sound is space is that sounds differ based on the space. He explains that depending on your location, sounds differ. For example, sounds in a forest are different from those of a school because of factors like geography and climate.
Step 1: Rosa Parks
Step 2: Rosa Parks still has an effect on people who protest today.
Step 3: Rosa Parks still has an effect on people who protest today because she was brave during a horrible time.
Step 4: Although Rosa Parks protested a long time ago, she still influences people to be brave in the face of racism.
Step 5: People might be influenced by Rosa Parks, but she protested in a time that was very different than today.
1. An advantage of using the model of “entering the conversation” while writing is that it brings in another perspective. Bringing in more perspectives allows for more insight and deliberation. Having more insight on a topic is good because your argument will be more informed. Another advantage of using this model is that it addresses the opposing argument in a way that makes your argument stronger.
2. I agree that learning to look at artwork helps analyze other situations because it gives some type of context. Generally in films things like setting, plot, and characters are given; which paints a bigger picture. If you know how to look at art you can figure out what the artist was trying to portray. Analyzing art exercises your brain to look for hidden elements and connect them. It trains you to investigate and figure out what to look for.
- Publicity (advertising) images influence consumers because it makes them envy. Consumers see the billboards or the magazines, or ads, and they point out the things that they want from it. People compare themselves with anything and ads are not an exception. They think if they buy whatever is being sold that it will help them look or be like the people in the publicity images. This is significant because it doesn’t work that way. You can’t buy something to change your whole life. This is a never ending cycle which means more consumerism because of envy.
- The differences between oil paintings and publicity pictures are important because the oil paintings are what the idealization of wealth and glamour originate from. It shows a place of wealth, and the ads makes you believe they can help you achieve that wealth/glamour. Berger points out that oil paintings were surrounded by gold frames to represent wealth and ads are surrounded by us and our needs. This reveals to the viewers that the production of images for publicity has origins dating back to old times. Also that the main purpose of them is for you to want to compete to gain status of whatever kind.
- The dream of later tonight offered by advertising uses imagery to manipulate consumers by showing that the man with the nicest shoes will have the best time and get the best girl. This is a mans dream and they manipulate him by telling him that he will get it by buying this or that. Advertising will continue to do this to people. For example, perfume ads. Somehow by getting a perfume you will turn into a desired woman walking down the street mysteriously. They paint ridiculous images but it still convinces the consumers.
Representations of women today do objectify them in similar ways to those that Berger describes. It’s not exactly like before because women have some type of decision in what parts of them they want seen. However, they still see themselves as men would see them. How they are going to be seen by men changes how they feel, how they act, etc. Like one of the women said, a womens body is suppose to be this beautiful object so that is what women want to be. Berger says that to be naked is to be undressed and to be nude is a pose. This adds to the stance that women subconsciously let men (or whoever they want to lust over them) dictate their choices. I agree when Berger says that it has to do with male dominance and being able to change a womens own perception. However since it’s so deep rooted, it pertains to not only men but whoever they want to be beautiful for. Sexuality has become a spectrum; to say it plays the same role as what Berger describes would be reducing it to one thing. Women are also not the only people that have this trait in them. Usually the more submissive person in a relationship, whatever gender, is the one that wants to be desired. Women and submission are two things that people correlate still. Even if unknowingly, this objectifies women just like any nude painting of a girl waiting to pleasure a man.